Heart Failure

Heart Failure


Heart failure sometimes is known as congestive heart failure is more often a long term (chronic) condition, but may come on suddenly (Acute), occurs when the heart muscle fails to pump blood as it should to meet the demands of the body. The condition may affect only the right side or only the left side of the heart or both sides of the heart also can be involved.

Left Heart failure is present when:

  • Your heart muscle cannot contract very well. This is called systolic heart failure, or heart failure with a reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Normally when blood goes in the left lower chamber of the heart, its pumped out to go to the rest of the body. The measurement Used is in percentage. When blood is pumped out is less than 39% it is termed as low ejection fraction and above 40 -70% is normal ejection fraction
  • When your heart muscle is stiff and does not fill up with blood easily even though pumping power is normal. This is called diastolic heart failure, or heart failure with a preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). This also happens in the lower left chamber is the heart. The left ventricle is elastic in nature but due to heart condition like high blood pressure which makes the walls to become stiff. 

Right heart failure

Right-sided heart failure is also called right ventricular (RV) heart failure or right heart failure.

The right side of your heart pumps “used” blood from your body back to your lungs, where it refills with oxygen. Right-sided heart failure means your heart’s right ventricle is too weak to pump enough blood to the lungs. As a result:

  • Blood builds up in your veins, vessels that carry blood from the body back to the heart.
  • This buildup increases pressure in your veins.
  • The pressure pushes fluid out of your veins and into other tissue.

Fluid builds up in your legs, abdomen or other areas of your body, causing swelling.

Heart failure symptoms may include:

  • Shortness of breath with activity or when lying down.
  • Fatigue and weakness (Easy Fatigability)
  • Swelling in the legs, ankles and feet (Edema)
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat (arrhythmias)
  • Reduced ability to exercise.
  • Wheezing.
  • A cough that doesn't go away or a cough that brings up white or pink mucus with spots of blood.
  • Swelling of the belly area (Ascites)
  • Very rapid weight gains from fluid buildup.
  • Nausea and lack of appetite.
  • Difficulty concentrating or decreased alertness.
  • Chest pain if heart failure is caused by a heart attack.

Any of the following conditions also can put on risk to get heart failure.

  • Coronary artery disease and heart attack. Coronary artery disease is the most common cause of heart failure. The disease results from the buildup of fatty deposits in the arteries (plague).  The deposits narrow the arteries and reduces blood flow and can lead to heart attack.

A heart attack occurs suddenly when an artery feeding the heart becomes completely blocked. Damage to the heart muscle from a heart attack may mean that the heart can no longer pump as well as it should.

  • High blood pressure. Also called hypertension, this condition forces the heart to work harder than it should to pump blood through the body. Over time, the extra work can make the heart left lower chamber is too stiff or too weak to properly pump blood to the rest of the body.
  • Heart valve disease. The valves of the heart keep blood flowing the right way. If a valve isn't working properly, the heart must work harder to pump blood. This can weaken the heart over time. Treating some types of heart valve problems may reverse heart failure.
  • Inflammation of the heart muscle, also called myocarditis. Myocarditis is most commonly caused by a virus, including the COVID-19 virus, and can lead to left-sided heart failure.
  • A heart problem that you're born with, also called a congenital heart defect. If the heart and its chambers or valves haven't formed correctly, the other parts of the heart have to work harder to pump blood and may lead to heart failure.
  • Irregular heart rhythms, called arrhythmias. Irregular heart rhythms may cause the heart to beat too fast, creating extra work for the heart. A slow heartbeat also may lead to heart failure. Treating an irregular heart rhythm may reverse heart failure in some people.

Other diseases. Some long-term diseases may contribute to chronic heart failure. Examples are diabetes, HIV infection, an overactive or underactive thyroid, or a buildup of iron or protein.

Some of the complications from congestive heart failure include:

  • Irregular heartbeat (Arrhythmias)
  • Sudden cardiac arrest.
  • Heart valve problems.
  • A collection of fluid in your lungs (Plural Effusion)
  •  Pulmonary hypertension (PHT)
  • Kidney damage.
  • Liver damage.
  • Malnutrition.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Control high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Eat a low-fat, low-salt diet that's rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains.
  • Reduce and manage stress.

When you will come to Crest Natural Health Centre the health worker will ask you about your symptoms and medical history. They may ask you about:

  • Other health conditions you have.
  • A family history of heart disease or sudden death.
  • Your use of tobacco products.
  • How much alcohol you drink.

The following tests are tests to diagnose Heart Failure

  • Complete Blood Count
  • Liver Function Test
  • Echocardiography
  • Electrocardiogram
  • Chest X – Ray
  • Renal Function Test

We have a variety of Homeopathic Medicine to treat Heart Failure depending on the symptoms of the patients

Other diseases treated

Book An Appointment