Gout is a painful form of inflammatory arthritis that usually affects the big toe, but can develop in any joint, including one or both of the knees. It forms when your body has high levels of uric acid. This acid forms sharp crystals that cause sudden bouts of pain, swelling, and tenderness.
When gout affects the knee, it can make everyday movements, such as walking or standing, painful or uncomfortable.
The buildup of uric acid in the body is known as hyperuricemia. Your body produces uric acid when it breaks down purines. These are compounds found in all your cells. You can also find purines in several types of food, especially red meat and some seafood, as well as alcohol and some sugar-sweetened drinks.
Usually, uric acid passes through your kidneys, which help to eliminate extra uric acid in your urine. But sometimes, there’s too much uric acid for your kidneys to handle. In other cases, the kidneys can’t process typical amounts of uric acid due to an underlying condition.
As a result, more uric acid circulates throughout your body, ending up in your knee as uric acid crystals.
The main symptom of gout in the knee is pain and discomfort in the surrounding area. Keep in mind that gout is often unpredictable, regardless of the joint it’s affecting. You might go weeks or even months without any symptoms, only to wake up with a burning pain in your knee.
In some cases, gout starts out in one of your big toes before moving on to other areas, such as your knee. Over time, these flare-ups may last longer than previous episodes.
Other symptoms you might feel from gout in your knee include:
Our doctors will use a few imaging tests to take pictures of your affected joints. These tests can also show if gout has caused any changes in your joints. You might need:
Joint Fluid Test - This involves taking a small sample of joint fluid from your knee with a small needle and looking at it under a microscope.
If left unmanaged, gout-related inflammation can cause permanent damage to your knee joint, especially if you have frequent flare-ups.
Over time, lumps of uric acid crystals, called tophi, can also form around your knee. These lumps aren’t painful, but they can cause additional swelling and tenderness during a flare-up.
The best way to prevent gout is to limit how often you consume high-purine foods and drinks. Make sure you drink plenty of water to help your kidneys function better and avoid dehydration.
Getting regular exercise can help reduce stress on your joints and reduce your risk for obesity and other health conditions that make you more likely to develop gout.
Depending on the totality of symptoms this condition is treatable and there are high chances of recovery using Homeopathic remedies