High blood pressure or Hypertension is a common condition that affects the body’s arteries. Also, high blood pressure is equal to cardiac output times total peripheral resistance. If you have high blood pressure, the force of the blood pushing against the artery walls is consistently too high and the heart has to work harder to pump blood.
Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). In general, hypertension is a blood pressure reading of 130/80 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) or higher.
NOTE: Blood pressure higher than 180/120 mm Hg is considered a hypertensive emergency or crisis. This put you at risk of getting Stroke, Heart Failure, Kidney failure, Damage of the retina (Eyes) retinopathy.
It’s important to have your blood pressure checked at least every two years starting at age 18. Some people need more-frequent checks. Basing from my experience there are many patients with this condition but they are not aware.
Blood pressure is determined by two things: the amount of blood the heart pumps and how hard it is for the blood to move through the arteries. The more blood the heart pumps and the narrower the arteries, the higher the blood pressure.
There are two main types of high blood pressure.
1. Primary Hypertension, also called essential Hypertension
For most adults, there's no identifiable cause of high blood pressure. This type of high blood pressure is called primary hypertension or essential hypertension. It tends to develop gradually over many years. Plaque buildup in the arteries, called atherosclerosis, increases the risk of high blood pressure.
2. Secondary Hypertension
This type of high blood pressure is caused by an underlying condition. It tends to appear suddenly and cause higher blood pressure than does primary hypertension. Conditions and medicines that can lead to secondary hypertension include:
• Adrenal gland tumors
• Blood vessel problems present at birth, also called congenital heart defects
• Cough and cold medicines, some pain relievers, birth control pills, and other prescription drugs
• Illegal drugs, such as cocaine and amphetamines
• Kidney disease
• Obstructive sleep apnea
• Thyroid problems
High blood pressure can cause many heart problems, including:
The brain depends on a nourishing blood supply to work properly. High blood pressure may affect the brain in the following ways:
Kidney filter excess fluid and waste from the blood a process that requires healthy blood vessels. High blood pressure can damage the blood vessels in and leading to the kidneys. Having diabetes in addition to high blood pressure can worsen the damage.
Kidney problems caused by high blood pressure include:
High blood pressure can damage the tiny, delicate blood vessels that supply blood to the eyes, causing:
Maintain a healthy weight. When it comes to hypertension prevention, your weight is crucial, says who are overweight should try to lose weight.
Eat a balanced diet. Eating healthful foods can help keep your blood pressure under control. Get plenty of fruits and vegetables, and limit your intake of saturated fat, fat,
Cut back on salt. The higher the sodium intake, the higher the blood pressure. You can cut back on your total salt intake by avoiding high-sodium packaged and processed foods and not adding salt to your meals.
Exercise regularly. Physical activity is very crucial and the more exercise you get better, but even a little bit can help control blood pressure. It is advisable to do moderate-intensity aerobic activity or 75 minutes of vigorous exercise per week., two days per week.
Limit alcohol. Drinking too much alcohol can lead to high blood pressure.
Stress. While the link between stress and blood pressure is still being studied, stress is known to contribute to other important risk factors for hypertension, including unhealthy eating and alcohol intake.
Monitor your blood pressure. Make sure that you have your blood pressure measured regularly, either at your doctor’s office or at home. High blood pressure often occurs with no symptoms, so only blood pressure readings will tell you if your blood pressure is on the rise.
With a variety of Homeopathic remedies this condition can controlled